The Brazilian Constitution provides binding laws that the country uses. Besides the constitution, Brazil uses German, Italian, French and Portuguese civil codes as well as statutes. The country is a Federative Republic that is made up of the union of states, Federal Districts and municipalities. The country has 26 federate states that have the power to create and amend their laws and Constitutions. Their power is however restricted by the principles established in the Federal Constitution.
Municipalities have limited autonomy to make their laws since their legislation must follow the rules of the Constitution of the state to which they belong as well as to those of the Federal Constitution. The Federal Districts use a constitution that is similar to the Organic Law. These Districts combine functions of municipalities as well states and must obey the rules of Federal Constitution.
The Constitution divides the government into three: executive, legislative and judicial. The executive is headed by the president who is directly elected by citizens and is the Head of Government and Chief of State. The legislative branch has the National Congress which constitutes the lower house (Chamber of Deputies) and the upper house (Federal Senate). The two houses have representatives who are elected by the citizens. The judiciary is made up of ordinary courts and special courts. Judicial powers are vested in Federal judges, the Supreme Court and Federal Supreme Courts. The Federal Supreme Court is Brazil’s highest court, and its role is to safeguard the Constitution and act as a court of review.
Ricardo Tosto is a competent Brazilian litigator who has successfully represented clients in high-profile cases. He is a highly-specialized lawyer who is skilled in complex litigation and for this reason, he has gained a positive reputation in the field of law. Additionally, he has successfully executed mass litigation and pioneered in the adoption of legal mechanisms that are being used as common tools in Brazilian legal system.
Mr. Tosto is an alumnus of Mackenzie Presbyterian University from where he studied law and undertook an extension course in Business Administration at FAAP. He is a member of the International Bar Association and the Brazilian Bar Association. Besides this, Mr. Tosto is a published author and has co-authored the book O Processo de Tiradentes. He has also written a couple articles and reviews that have been published in specialized journals.